Arraystar piRNA Microarrays

  • Description
  • Highlights
  • Specifications

Arraystar piRNA microarrays for human, mouse or rat use long oligonucleotide probes and duplex design to profile tens of thousands of piRNAs at high specificity and sensitivity, for the study of piRNA biology, molecular functions, and biomarkers in germline, cancer and other cell types.

Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are the largest class of single stranded, small non-coding RNAs of about 26-32 nucleotides in length. piRNAs interact with the Piwi (P-element Induced Wimpy Testis) subfamily of Argonaute proteins. The Piwi subfamily comprises Piwi, Aubergine and AGO3 in flies, MILI, MIWI and MIWI2 in mice, and HILI, HIWI1, HIWI2 and HIWI3 in humans. Individual piRNAs are very diverse and are poorly conserved even between closely related species. In contrast to several hundred microRNA species, tens of thousands of unique piRNA sequences are known in human, mouse and rat.piRNAs are strikingly different from microRNAs in their length, expression pattern, genomic organization and biogenesis.

Arraystar's scientists have developed piRNA microarrays for human, mouse and rat species to evaluate the global expression of piRNAs. The piRNA sequences from all three organisms are downloaded from the NCBI database, and mapped to the genome sequences (HG19, MM9 and RN4) using UCSC Blat. Antisense 60-mer oligonucleotide probes are designed using a duplex method. Our piRNA arrays (table 1) sensitively and accurately profile the expfression of piRNAs.


Product NameCatalog NoDescriptionFormatPrice
Arraystar Human piRNA Microarray AS-piR-H Detected 23,677 piRNAs 4*44K
Arraystar Mouse piRNA Microarray AS-piR-M Detected 43,537 piRNAs 4*44K
Arraystar Rat piRNA Microarray AS-piR-R Detected 39,727 piRNAs 4*44K

Comprehensive collection and reliable selection of piRNA sequences.

60-mer oligonucleotide probes using duplex design to achieve high specificity.

Duplicated probes for most of the piRNAs.

Microarray Arraystar Human piRNA Array Arraystar Mouse piRNA Array Arraystar Rat piRNA Array
Species human mouse rat
Reference genome HG19 MM9 RN4
Number of piRNAs 23,677 43,537 39,727
Probe length 60 nt 60 nt 60 nt
Labeling method Ligation of Cy3 label with dephosphorylated RNA by T4 RNA ligase
Array format 4 * 44K 4 * 44K 4 * 44K